ROYAL FUSILIERS (CITY OF LONDON REGT) CAP BADGE
The regimental cap badge of the Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) depicts a fused grenade. On the ball of the grenade, a Tudor rose enclosed by the Garter bearing the inscription ‘HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE’.
The Regiment was first formed in 1685 by George Legge, 1st Baron of Dartmouth in order to support King James II during the Monmouth Rebellion, when James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (the illegitimate son of Charles II and the King’s nephew) unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow the unpopular King.
The Regiment was initially named as the Ordinance Regiment and employed as an elite corps for escorting and protecting artillery guns. The Regiment was armed with the ‘Fusil’ muskets which was the most modern weapon of the day, instead of matchlock muskets which held the the danger of igniting the open topped barrels of gunpowder carried by the artillery. The Regiment became the Royal Regiment of Fuzileers and went on to served during the Nine Years War (1688–97), fighting at the Siege of Namur in 1695.